Whenever we travel to new destinations, we are attracted to the famous buildings there. There are hundreds of well-known structures around the world, and each one of them symbolizes a country, a city, or a culture. Each of these cultural icons is remembered because of its beauty and history. Here we have picked 6 of the most famous building designs that the world would not be the same without.
The leaning tower of Pisa (Pisa, Italy)
The leaning tower of Pisa is the third oldest building on Pisa’s Piazza del Duomo (cathedral square), the Cathedral and Baptistry were first. The tower reaches a height of 60 metres. Although it was originally designed to be perfectly straight, it started to lean during construction and the tower now leans at about 3.99 degrees. The construction of the Tower of Pisa began in August 1173 and continued for about 200 years due to a series of wars. The tower has eight stories, including the chamber for the bells. In total, there are 297 steps inside the tower leading to the top. Until a few years ago, tourists were not allowed to climb the staircase inside the tower, due to consolidation work, but now the tower is open again and it is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Italy.
Taj Mahal (Agra, India)
Taj Mahal is an immense mausoleum of white marble built between 1631 and 1648, and is located on the right bank of the Yamuna River in a vast Mughal garden in Agra, India. The Taj Mahal was built by order of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his favourite wife, and approximately 20,000 people worked on its construction. The name Taj Mahal, which means Crown of the Palace, was derived from the name of Shah Jahan’s wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The design of the building combines Indian, Persian and Islamic influences. The beauty of the white marble and the exquisite ornamentation all make a visit to the Taj Mahal an unforgettable experience.
Statue of Liberty (New York, USA)
The Statue of Liberty, perhaps New York City’s most famous landmark, is a figure of a robed woman representing Libertas, a Roman goddess, which features 25 windows with a view of New York. Made in Paris, this monument was a gift from France to the United States and is recognized as a universal symbol of freedom and democracy. Total overall height from the base of the pedestal foundation to the tip of the torch is 305 feet, 6 inches. From the tips of her crown to the broken shackles at her feet, the Statue of Liberty is an unforgettable sight to behold.
Tower Bridge (London, UK)
More than 50 designs were submitted for the bridge before the design by Sir Horace Jones was eventually approved in 1884. The bridge crosses the River Thames close to the Tower of London, and is the only Thames bridge which can be raised to allow large vessels to pass through. Over 40,000 people use Tower Bridge every day, but river traffic still takes priority over bridge users. The bridge usually opens at least once a day and about 1,000 times a year. Massive engines raise the bridge sections, which weigh about 1000 tons each, in just over a minute. It is quite an amazing sight!
Sydney Opera House (Sydney, Australia)
The Sydney Opera House is one of the most famous and distinctive buildings, and an icon of Australia’s creative achievement, with 3,000 events every year. The largest of the seven venues, the Concert Hall, has 2,679 seats. Since its completion in 1973, its design and construction have attracted visitors from all around the world, enhanced by its location on Bennelong Point within a superb harbour setting. The roof is covered with more than 1 million tiles made in Sweden, and the building has 6,225 square metres of glass and 645 km of electric cable.
Burj Khalifa (Dubai, UAE)
And of course last but not least, with a total height of 829 m, Burj Khalifa is currently the tallest structure in the world! It is three times as tall as the Eiffel Tower and nearly twice as tall as the Empire State Building! It has the longest single running elevator, which is 140 floors and goes 10 meters per second! Only one word comes to mind when you see this building: awesome!